• DNA Profiling & 
    Parentage Verification
    We offer DNA profiling which can be used to confirm parentage or the identity of your horse.
    Find out how
  • Genetic Diagnostic Testing
    We offer testing for known mutations that cause genetic disorders. This can be used to prevent the birth of a foal affected by one of these disorders.
    Find out how
  • Coat Colour &
    Pattern Testing
    Our coat colour or pattern testing can be used as an aid for selection to produce a foal of a particular colour.
    Find out how
  • Infectious Disease Testing
    The EGRC is currently executing a trial of PCR detection of the pre-breeding panel pathogens. This service is for veterinarians only.
    Find out how

FAQs

Please note that we currently only offer testing for Breed Associations that hold an account with us. If you require testing, this can be organised through your Association. If you are not with an Association, please check back soon as we are planning to add an online payment portal to facilitate all clients in the near future.

Samples and Sampling

What samples should I submit?

You will need to submit a mane or tail hair sample. We request 30 - 50 hairs with intact, clean root follicles. These should be attached to the sample form you will receive when you order your test, and placed in a zip-lock plastic bag or paper envelope.

What type of samples can you DNA test?

For routine testing we prefer hair samples. However, if hair isn’t available, we can also extract DNA from blood, semen, and even correctly stored skin or muscle tissue. We cannot reliably extract DNA from bone or teeth. Please contact us through the Contact Us page if you need to discuss DNA extraction from samples other than hair.

How old does an animal need to be for DNA testing?

There is no age limit for DNA testing. However, we need 30 - 50 hairs with intact roots. If you are submitting a young horse, please pull tail hairs.

How do I take a hair sample from my horse for DNA analysis?

Wash your hands before sampling your animals and between sampling different animals. This prevents cross contamination of a sample with hairs from the previous sample.

Pull a small clump of 30-50 hairs from the mane or tail. The DNA is in the cells at the end that was pulled out of the horse, so check that the hairs have these roots present and haven’t broken. The hair roots look like little lumps or hooks at the end of your sample.

If the hair is long, you can trim the ends off (making sure to keep the ends with the roots!) and the sample should be sticky taped to the submission form in the indicated position. This can be placed into a snap-lock bag or envelope before submission.

Processing and Turnaround

How long will it take to test my sample(s)?

This depends on many factors such as: the current volume of samples needing testing, the condition of the sample, and if we have been provided with complete information on the identification of all possible parents. Samples are tested in the order they are received, and turnaround times may vary by test type. However, we aim to have all results finalised within 10 business days of receiving the sample.

Can you rush my genetic testing?

At this stage we don’t offer a priority service. Each sample is processed as soon as we receive it, and in the order it is received. Upon completion of the testing and analysis, the results are sent electronically to the Association that submitted the sample.

sent a few samples at the same time to be tested but got my reports back at different times. Why?

Reports are sent out as soon as they are completed. There are a number of reasons for possible delays including insufficient information received about the parents, ambiguous results requiring a re-test, insufficient hairs or poor-quality roots on hairs.

Ordering

Can I add a test to the sample I sent in for testing?

The EGRC stores the submitted hair samples for the life expectancy of the animal. If you were the person who initially ordered the test, you can add a test to an existing sample through the submitting Association.

Can I add a test to a sample tested by another person?

No, if you were not the person who originally tested the animal, you cannot add new tests to that sample.

Test Results

Can you send the results directly to me?

If you are testing through one of the Association that holds a contract with us, the results are sent to that Association. Results are sent by email.

Can I get my test results by phone?

We do not provide test results over the telephone. All test results are emailed back to the submitter.

What do the letters on my horse’s DNA profile mean?

A DNA profile is a description of the DNA at a minimum of 12 places (markers) on the genome. When you receive your horses DNA profile, it will consist of the marker names and two letters listed under each marker. Each letter corresponds to a specific variant of the marker. Note that the DNA profile does not provide any information on what breed your horse is.

I only have a sample from one of my horse's parents, can you still test to determine parentage?

Yes, but the result is much more accurate if you have samples or profiles from both parents. Testing only one parent does not always give a complete picture and could allow for the qualification of a parent that would be excluded if the other parent information was considered.

General

How can I contact the EGRC?

Please contact us through the 'Contact Us' link on our website. Our postal address for samples is: PO Box 433, Scone, NSW, 2337.

Can you determine the breed of my horse?

No, there is currently no test that can accurately determine horse breed.

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